Nearly 150 hot rods and muscle cars cruised into the museum on Saturday, April 5, to launch Hot Rods: Wheels in Fields. More than 1,200 guests marveled at the new exhibits created by So-Cal Speed Shop of Sacramento, as well as Gus Gustafson, Rich Cleland, Bruce Woodward, Joe Heidrick, the Tuesday Volunteer Crew, and our dedicated staff and volunteers. So-Cal Speed Shop of Sacramento engineered a historical replica of a garage and air tower like those found on rural properties during the 1930s and 1940s where amateur mechanics created hot rods. These high-performance customized cars reflect the qualities of innovation, resourcefulness, and independence we associate with the culture of agriculture.
New cars were too expensive for many people during the Great Depression, so young car enthusiasts refurbished old cars rescued from junk yards, often swapping out engines, transmissions, and other components. Innovations led to distinctive cars with more powerful engines and other improvements.
Hot-rodding stalled with the outbreak of World War II, however, when many young men were drafted into the armed forces. Gasoline was rationed and auto and tractor manufacturers turned from making peacetime vehicles to assembling tanks and warplanes.
By 1946, decommissioned young men coming back from overseas brought the mechanical skills they had gained during the war, and returned to souping up cars in abandoned hangers. Roadsters were all the rage, and by the late 1940s hot rods were popular. 1946-1949 is now considered the hey day of hot rods.
See magnificent examples of this legacy at the Hot Rods: Wheels in Fields exhibit in the Heidrick Ag History Center. The East Wing is open to tours only so be sure to call in advance. Watch for more surprises at the Heidrick Ag History Center!
The Russell Steamer on view at the Heidrick Ag History Center today was the result of years of painstaking restoration. Fred Heidrick acquired it in the 1960s, and he and Joe Heidrick took the faded hulk and turned it into a gem. Their efforts combined careful research, fine craftsmanship, and a penchant for detail to create a fully operational, restored steam traction engine.
The steamer was mostly intact when purchased. A photo taken around the time of the 1967 state fair shows Fred at the controls. A photo of Celeste Burnham, State Fair Model, cheerfully perched atop the steamer, also gives a good sense of its condition prior to restoration.
Several important parts were missing, however, including a shade canopy and water and fuel bins on either side of the rear platform. The steamer also lacked the Russell trademark with its characteristic snorting bull. Documents in the Heidrick archives reveal the meticulous care that was lavished on restoration projects. A letter dated July 28, 1970 to Mr. Neil McClure of Colchester, Illinois, requests photos to identify “…the spacing of the rivets on the fuel storage bins and water tanks, the [tank] measurements and other pertinent details…” A hand-drawn diagram (shown below) details the replacement tanks that were to be fabricated.
Similar attention was given to replicating the original paint colors: black for the body; red for the flywheel, nose, and parts of the engine; yellow for the wheels, and silver for the smokestack. The desired location of each color was carefully drawn on a diagram of the steamer before it was painted. Gold and silver trim were added for a decorative flair. The finishing touch was the handpainted Russell trademark on the water tanks (the subject of Blog 3).
The steamer was restored to operational condition, but has not been fired up for many years. Help us bring this remarkable piece of machinery back to life by making a donation for reconditioning. Visit our website at https://www.aghistory.org/support-us/donate/ and select the Russell Steamer option in the drop-down menu.
If you’re curious about early tractors, consider the steam traction engines or “steamers.” At the turn of the 20th century, steam vied with draft animals as the primary source of agricultural power. Steam traction engines were used to pull ag machinery such as combines or harvesters (hence the term “traction”) or could also be driven into the fields to power drive belts for ag equipment. The 1915 Russell Steamer on display at the museum is connected by a drive belt (see photo left) to a Waterloo thresher.
The Museum’s Russell Steamer was manufactured by Russell and Company in Massillon, Ohio. It is 18 feet long, weighs 17,350 pounds, and moves at the glacial pace of 2.1 miles per hour. The steamer is powered by a standard boiler that can run on wood, coal, or straw. Fuel could be stored in the tank on the right rear side.
Russell steam traction engines were not known for their innovative design, but for their ease of use and maintenance. All moving parts were located in plain sight and were accessible to the lay mechanic. This made it simple for a farmer to adjust and repair a steamer using ordinary tools.
Like any vehicle, the Russell Steamer needs regular attention to keep it in good running order, and we plan to recondition it in 2014. Once reconditioning is complete, you’ll be able to see it in operation at the Museum in all its noisy, smoky glory.
Won’t you help us bring this remarkable piece of machinery back to life? Consider making a donation today! Simply visit our website at https://www.aghistory.org/support-us/donate/ and select the Russell Steamer option in the drop-down menu to contribute to the care and maintenance of this historical marvel.
The Museum is restoring a WWI-era commercial truck and we need your help! This beautiful cherry red, “C-cab” commercial truck just needs some finishing touches before we can add it to our ever-growing transportation collection. In addition to a few mechanical adjustments, the White truck needs solid core tires and rear wheels that fit. Would you like to adopt the White truck? Make an on-line donation at https://www.aghistory.org/support-us/donate/ and select “White Truck” in the drop down menu. We’ll post updates as the restoration proceeds.
Learn the answer and hear other stories about agriculture history and the Heidrick Ag History Museum’s collection by activating the Guide by Cell tour during your visit. When you see the blue Guide by Cell symbol, simply use your cell phone to call the number provided and follow the instructions to select the story you want to hear.
Each Guide by Cell story uses historical vignettes and tantalizing detail to provide in-depth information about select items from our collection. For example, hear about the invention of the self-laying track or how WWI changed the tractor industry. All stories are available in Spanish or English. The visually impaired will find that it can enhance their enjoyment of the Museum.
We are always looking for ways to improve the accessibility, comfort, and convenience of the Heidrick Museum, and we welcome your suggestions. To give us suggestions via Guide by Cell, simply select “0”, followed by the “#” sign to record your comment. Or if you prefer, drop a written comment in the suggestion box in the front reception area after your visit.